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Contents of Education and Research

Name Associate Prof. Motohiro Shimanaga (Science)
Affiliation Center for Marine Environment Studies
Career COE Research Associate of the Ocean Research Institute of Tokyo University
Assistant, the Ocean Research Institute of Tokyo University
Assistant Professor, Center Marine Environment Studies,Kumamoto University

Activities of Academic Societies

The Japanese Association of Benthology, the Oceanographic Society of Japan, the World Association of Copepodologists

Contents of Research

The density of meiofauna, a benthic animal whose size measures from 0.031mm to 1mm (Fig. 1) can be 1 million/1‡u in the sediment of a tideland or a beach.Meiofauna is an important element of seabed ecosystems. We have investigated the following two subjects on meiofauna.

œInfluences that environmental changes caused by large benthic animals exert on meiofauna living in tideland.
We have been investigating influences that the small spaces such as burrows (Fig.2) of the large benthic animals; e.g., crabs or nereides in tidelands, have on species diversity of meiofauna communities.

œSpatiotemporal variations of species diversity and community structure of bathybic harpacticoids.
gWhy is diversity high in the deep-sea though the environment is seemingly consistent?h
In order to solve this great mystery, we have investigated the spationtemporal variations of community structures and species diversities of harpacticoids which belong to the dominant group of deep-sea meiofauna, and also environmental factors that control them.


Fig. 1 Meiofauna of Maeshima in Amakusa Islands. The scale bar is 0.2mm. Actually they are colorless but they are dyed for the purpose of making them easy-to-see.

Fig. 2 Burrows of sand crabs.

Center for Marine Environment Studies
Kumamoto University 39-1,Kurokami 2-chome,Chuo-ku,Kumamoto 860-8555 Phone:+81-09-342-3143

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